The term dental occlusion refers to the contact relations of the teeth in function and for function. However, the term not only designates the contact of the arches at the level of an occlusal interface, but also all the factors that participate in the development and stability of the masticatory system and the use of the teeth in the activity or oral motor behavior.
Occlusion is understood as the study of the mandibular dynamics or the study of the dynamic relationships of the stomatognathic system and includes the idea of a structured and integrated system of functional units that include teeth, joints, and masticatory and neck muscles. Therefore, the solutions to problems of orthodontic recurrence (due to memory of the periodontal ligament), denture instability and periodontal trauma, require occlusion concepts much more extensive and complex than those used for the simple assembly of prosthetic teeth, contacts occlusal and maxillary position.
Expanding the modern structured and integrated concept must also refer to the study of the alterations that are constituted by a bad function of the system, when one or more components of the system are altered or fail.
The concept of masticatory system is obsolete because it considers chewing as the primary function of this system starting from a wrong premise since swallowing is the most constant and repetitive function of the stomatognathic system; which originates from a position of mandibular rest that is very important for the stability and comfort of the patient.
The malocclusions can be the cause of a number of problems, not only in the teeth, but in crowns and bridges that can be fracture. Gingival recessions and abreactions can be exacerbated by a bad bite. Clinical signs such as clicks, joint and joint pain can lead to muscle spasms that result in headache, fatigue, sinus pain and even back pain.
Some of the treatments for occlusal problems include, bite adjustments and premature contact points in natural and artificial teeth, medications (anti-inflammatory and muscle relaxants), change for a soft diet, relaxation therapy and fixed attachments (orthodontic appliances) or removable.